The Sexual Abuse of Children: Recognition and Redress
Edited by Yorick Smaal, Andy Kaladelfos and Mark Finnane
How can we seek justice and redress for the sexual abuse of children and better prevent the occurrence of such abuse?
This work brings together the thoughts on this question advanced by leading scholars, from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, from around the world. These thinkers – some also professional practitioners – provide new perspectives on sanctioned and informal responses to abuse in religious, educational and total institutions, as well as to abuse carried out in non-institutional settings. The Sexual Abuse of Children will be a valuable resource for researchers, students and those who deal with related issues in professional contexts.
Part 1. Histories of child sexual abuse
Chapter 1 Some questions of history: Prosecuting and punishing child sexual assault
Mark Finnane and Yorick Smaal
Chapter 2 Sexual assault by teachers: Historical legislative, policy and prosecutorial responses
Andy Kaladelfos and Lisa Featherstone
Chapter 3 Narratives of innocence and seduction: Historical understandings of child sexual abuse in Australia
Chapter 4 Finding child sex abuse in the archives: The treatment of sexually offending clergy in the Church of England, 1871–1960
Timothy W. Jones
Part 2. Recognising and responding to abuse
Chapter 5 Preventing child sexual abuse: A place-based approach
Stephen Smallbone and Nadine McKillop
Chapter 6 Child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church
Karen J. Terry
Chapter 7 Community process and the identification and reporting of suspected child abuse and neglect
Chapter 8 The privatisation of incest: The neglect of familial sexual abuse in Australian public inquiries
Part 3. Lessons learned? Justice and redress
Chapter 9 Investigating historical allegations of sexual abuse: The investigation of suspected offenders
Mark Kebbell and Nina Westera
Chapter 10 Child sexual abuse complainants under cross-examination: The ball is in our court
Sarah O’Neill and Rachel Zajac
Chapter 11 Child sexual abuse in faith-based institutions: Gender, spiritual trauma and treatment frameworks
Deborah Sauvage and Patrick O’Leary
Chapter 12 Money for justice? Money’s meaning and purpose as redress for historical institutional abuse
Chapter 13 New regulatory paradigms for preventing institutional child sexual abuse: Lessons from corporate crime and white-collar criminals
About the Editors
Yorick Smaal is a historian and ARC DECRA Research Fellow at Griffith University. His areas of research focus on sex and gender, war and society, and law and criminal justice. Yorick is currently working on a comparative history of boys as victims and perpetrators of sexual crime.
Andy Kaladelfos is a historian and Research Fellow with the ARC Laureate Fellowship Project 'Prosecution and the Criminal Trial in Australian History' at Griffith University, and Chief Investigator on the ARC Discovery Project ‘Sexual Offences, Legal Responses and Public Perceptions’. Andy's research examines gender, violence and the law.
Mark Finnane is ARC Laureate Fellow and Professor of History at Griffith University. His research in Australia and Ireland has focussed on the history of mental hospitals, prisons, punishment, policing and the criminal law. He directs the ARC-funded ‘Prosecution Project’, hosted at the Griffith Criminology Institute.
About the Contributors
Simon Bronitt is Professor of Law and Deputy Dean of Research in the TC Beirne School of Law, at the University of Queensland. He has published widely on criminal justice topics ranging across terrorism law and human rights, comparative criminal law, covert policing, family violence, and mental health policing.
Kathleen Daly is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University. She writes on redress for institutional abuse of children and on conventional and innovative justice responses to gender violence. Her book, Redressing Institutional Abuse of Children, was published in 2014 (Palgrave).
Suzanna Fay-Ramirez is Lecturer in Criminology at the University of Queensland School of Social Science, and an affiliate with the UQ Institute for Social Science Research. Her research focuses on perceptions of child maltreatment and abuse and its consequences for reporting, monitoring, court outcomes, and neighbourhood processes involving children and families.
Lisa Featherstone is Senior Lecturer at the University of Queensland. Lisa has published widely on the history of sexuality and sexual violence. Her second book, Sex Crimes in the Fifties, co-authored with Andy Kaladelfos, will be published in 2016. Lisa is Chief Investigator on the ARC Discovery Project ‘Sexual Offences, Legal Responses and Public Perceptions’.
Timothy Willem Jones is Senior Lecturer in History at La Trobe University. He works on the history of religion and sexuality in modern Europe and Australia, and has worked as a consultant for the Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse.
Mark Kebbell is Professor in the School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University. He is a Chartered Forensic Psychologist and a Registered Psychologist in Australia. Mark researches investigative psychology as it applies to the investigation and prosecution of serious crime. Mark is editor (with Graham Davies) of Practical Psychology for Forensic Investigations and Prosecutions (Wiley, 2006).
Nadine McKillop is a psychologist and Lecturer in Criminology and Justice at the University of the Sunshine Coast. Her interests include the assessment and treatment of youth and adult sexual offenders, particularly factors associated with the onset of sexual offending, to reduce its extent and impacts on the community.
Patrick O’Leary is Professor and Head of School of Human Services and Social Work, Griffith University. Patrick is an internationally recognised researcher with significant expertise in child protection, gender-based violence, and long-term impact of child sexual abuse (especially in men). He is an Expert Academic Advisor to the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse.
Sarah O’Neill is Assistant Professor at the City College of New York. She received her PhD in Psychology and Postgraduate Diploma in Clinical Psychology from the University of Otago, New Zealand. Dr O’Neill has particular research interests in clinical child psychology—and especially ADHD—and children’s testimony.
Michael Salter is Senior Lecturer in Criminology at Western Sydney University. He researches violence against children and women with a focus on complex trauma. He is the author of Organised Sexual Abuse (Routledge, 2013) and Crime, Justice and Social Media (Routledge, 2016).
Deborah Sauvage is a social worker in direct practice and a sessional academic at Griffith University. Her research interests include professional ethics, child protection, and complaint management. She has worked as Research Fellow for Griffith University as part of a consultancy to the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse.
Stephen Smallbone is a psychologist and Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University, Director of Griffith Youth Forensic Service, and an ARC Future Fellow. His research is concerned with understanding and preventing sexual violence and abuse. His books include Preventing Child Sexual Abuse: Evidence, Policy and Practice (with William L. Marshall and Richard Wortley, 2008).
Shurlee Swain is Professor of Humanities at Australian Catholic University and the historian chief investigator on the national Find & Connect web resource project. Her research into child and family welfare history has informed government inquiries into the history of sexual and physical abuse in out-of-home care, and forced adoptions.
Karen J. Terry is Professor in the Department Criminal Justice, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York. She holds a doctorate in criminology from Cambridge University. Her primary research interest is sexual offending and victimisation, particularly abuse of children in an institutional setting.
Nina Westera is Research Fellow at the Griffith Criminology Institute. Nina’s research examines how understandings in psychology can be used to improve criminal justice practice. Her area of expertise is investigative interviewing and criminal investigation, with a particular interest in the interviewing of adult complainants of sexual and violent offending.
Rachel Zajac holds a PhD in Psychology and a Postgraduate Diploma in Clinical Psychology from the University of Otago, New Zealand, where she is currently Senior Lecturer. Her research encompasses children’s and adults’ eyewitness testimony, social influences on memory, and psychological factors in the interpretation of forensic evidence.
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